Классификация и эволюция закапывающихся актиний (Anthozoa: Actiniaria: Athenaria): обзор прежних и современных представлений

Classification and evolution of the burrowing sea anemones (Anthozoa: Actiniaria: Athenaria): a review of the past and current views

Н.Ю. Иванова

N.Yu. Ivanova

Резюме. Представления исследователей о классификации и эволюции закапывающихся актиний неоднократно менялись в течение длительного времени изучения Actiniaria. В процессе формирования классификации можно выделить четыре этапа. Каждый из них характеризовался использованием, в основном, одного признака, на который опирались авторы при построении своей системы. К этим признакам следует отнести: (1) черты внешнего строения, (2) расположение мезентериев, (3) наличие или отсутствие базилярных мускулов и (4) молекулярные маркеры. Представления о происхождении и эволюции закапывающихся актиний также неоднократно изменялись, что привело к появлению нескольких гипотез. Закапывающиеся морские анемоны рассматривались в качестве примитивной группы или, наоборот, как более продвинутые потомки крупных гексамерных актиний.
Ключевые слова: закапывающиеся актинии, сравнительный морфо-анатомический анализ, таксономические признаки, классификация, эволюция, Athenaria

Zoosystematica Rossica, 2020, 29(2): 213–237  ▪  Опубликовано онлайн 20 октября 2020


https://doi.org/10.31610/zsr/2020.29.2.213  ▪  Открыть полную статью  

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Том, Год:
Том 29. 2020
Том 28. 2019
Том 27. 2018
Том 26. 2017
Том 25. 2016
Том 24. 2015
Том 23. 2014
Том 22. 2013
Том 21. 2012
Том 20. 2011
Том 19. 2010
Том 18. 2009
Том 17. 2008
Том 16. 2007
Том 15. 2006
Том 14. 2005
Том 13. 2004
Том 12. 2003
Том 11. 2002
Том 10. 2001
Том 9. 2000
Том 8. 1999
Том 7. 1998
Том 6. 1997
Том 5. 1996
Том 4. 1995
Том 3. 1994
Том 2. 1993
Том 1. 1992
Приложения:
Прилож. 3. 2020
Прилож. 2. 2018