Распространение, систематика и номенклатура трёх форм черноголовых чеканов (Aves, Passeriformes, Muscicapidae, Saxicola), гнездящихся в Кавказском регионе

Distribution, systematics and nomenclature of the three taxa of Common Stonechats (Aves, Passeriformes, Muscicapidae, Saxicola) that breed in the Caucasian region

В.М. Лоскот, Г.Б. Бахтадзе

V.M. Loskot & G.B. Bakhtadze

Резюме. Детально описано географическое и биотопическое распространение черноголовых чеканов Saxicola rubicola rubicola (Linnaeus, 1766), S. maurus variegatus (S.G. Gmelin, 1774) и S. m. armenicus (Stegman, 1935), населяющих Кавказский перешеек и прилежащие территории. Индивидуальная, половая, возрастная, сезонная и географическая изменчивость семи основных диагностических признаков окраски оперения и линейных измерений длины крыла и хвоста исследована у 381 коллекционной особи. Приведены существенно уточненные диагнозы S. m. variegatus and S. m. armenicus. В результате тщательного изучения материалов и истории экспедиции Самуэля Гмелина в 1768–1774 гг., а также его описания Parus variegatus установлено, что типовой местностью этого таксона являются окрестности Шемахы, Азербайджан (а не Ензели, Северо-Западная Турция). Показана ошибочность недавно предложенного отнесения голотипа северного подвида S. m. variegatus к южному таксону S. m. armenicus и синонимизации этих названий, а также замены названия S. m. variegatus его младшим синонимом S. m. hemprichii Ehrenberg, 1833 для северного подвида.
Ключевые слова: Кавказ, географическое и биотопическое распространение, диагнозы, экспедиция С. Гмелина, номенклатура, черноголовыечеканы, Saxicola rubicola rubicola, S. maurus variegatus, S. m. armenicus

Zoosystematica Rossica, 2020, 29(1): 33–57  ▪  Опубликовано онлайн 20 апреля 2020 г.


https://doi.org/10.31610/zsr/2020.29.1.33  ▪  Открыть полную статью  

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