Таксономическое положение рода Puto Signoret (Homoptera: Coccinea: Pseudococcidae) и разделение высших таксонов Coccinea

Taxonomic position of the genus Puto Signoret (Homoptera: Coccinea: Pseudococcidae) and separation of higher taxa in Coccinea

И.А. Гаврилов-Зимин, Е.М. Данциг

I.A. Gavrilov-Zimin & E.M. Danzig

Резюме. Таксономические признаки семейств Pseudococcidae Cockerell, 1898, Putoidae Beadsley, 1969, Pennygullaniidae Koteja et Azar, 2008 и двух надсемейств подотряда Coccinea обсуждаются в свете филогенетического значения этих признаков. Показано, что Putoidae Beadsley, 1969 является непригодным названием (nomen nudum). Более того, Putoidae sensu Williams et al., 2011, принимаемое как отдельное семейство внутри надсемейства Orthezioidea (= неформальная группа “археококциды”), представляет собой таксономический парадокс, лежащий за рамками как кладистической, так и эволюционной концепций в современной систематике и противоречащий большинству хорошо известных и тщательно изученных фактов. Монотипное семейство Putoidae не имеет ни одной уникальной апоморфной черты; все изученные признаки рода Puto Signoret, 1875 являются либо общекокцидными плезиоморфиями, либо синапоморфиями с другими мучнистыми червецами и близкородственным Ceroputo Šulc, 1898. Таксон Ceroputo принимается здесь как подрод Puto. Монотипное вымершее семейство Pennygullaniidae рассматривается нами как новый субъективный синоним семейства Pseudococcidae. Кратко обсуждаются также таксономические и номенклатурные проблемы, связанные с названиями высших таксонов кокцид и родственных групп Homoptera.
Ключевые слова: мучнистые червецы, кокциды, Hemiptera, Homoptera, Coccoidea, Orthezioidea

Zoosystematica Rossica, 2012, 21(1): 97-111  ▪  Опубликовано в печати 25 июля 2012 г.


https://doi.org/10.31610/zsr/2012.21.1.97  ▪  Открыть полную статью  

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