ZIN Photo

Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences

(Universitetskaya naberezhnaya, 1, St. Petersburg, 190034, Russian Federation;
email: admin@zin.ru, fax: (812)3282941, tel.: (812)3180011)

The Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences is one of the oldest scientific institutions in Russia. The Institute takes its origin from the Kunstkammer of Peter the Great (1712), the first Russian Museum. On the basis of the Kunstkammer collections the Zoological Museum of the Emperor's Academy of Sciences has been established (July 4, 1832). I accordance with the resolution of the General Meeting of the USSR Academy of Sciences of December 26, 1931 the Zoological Museum was reoganized and became the Zoological Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences.

At present the Institute is the leading scientific centre of Russia conducting studies in the fields of systematics, biodiversity, zoogeography and evolution of all groups of the animal world. These studies are based upon collections that are among the largest in the world including more than 50 million units collected by many generations of Russian and foreign zoologists. Among scientists who collected and examined the material were bering, Pallas, Przewalski, Kozlov, Semenov-Tien-Shansky. Of exceptional value are thousands of type specimens of animal species described at the Institute as well as in other institutions of Russia and abroad.

The main fields of research conducted by the Zoological Institute RAS are the following:
systematics, faunal studies, zoogeography and evolution of animals of Russian Federation and neighbouring countries, essential for the conservation of biodiversity.

Other avenues of fundamental research of the institute are evolutionary morphology; behavior, orientation and migration of animals; biological bases of parasitism; distribution patterns and functioning of ecosystems in the world oceans; the main regularities of the ways of matter transformation in water bodies; structure, functioning and productivity of water ecosystems; scientific bases of biological weed and pest control; ecological basis of commercial maricluture.

The Institute comprises 15 scientific units: 12 laboratories, White Sea Biological Station (Cape Kartesh of the White Sea, Karelia), Biological Station in Rybachy (Kaliningrad Region), and the Zoological Museum.

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