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Pleciidae as a separate family on the basis of the musculature of the male genitalia (Diptera)

O.G. Ovtshinnikova

Abstract. There is no general agreement among authors on whether to rank Pleciidae (Diptera) as a subfamily or a family. The description of the muscles of the male genitalia in Penthetria sp. (Pleciidae, Bibionoidae) and comparison with Bibionidae (Bibionoidae) and Trichoceridae (Trichoceridae) are reported in this paper. Comparative studies confirm Pleciidae to be a separate family (Rohdendorf, 1964, 1977: Krivosheina, Mamaev, 1967; Krivosheina, 1969, 1972, 1986; Nartshuk, 1990).

Zoosystematica Rossica, 1994, 3(1): 149–152  ▪  Опубликовано в печати 24 августа 1994 г.


  

Литература

Hardy, D.E. 1945. Revision of Nearctic Bibionidae including Neotropical Plecia and Penthetria (Diptera). Kans. Univ. sci. Bull., 30, 2, 15: 367-546.

Hardy, D.E. 1965. Family Bibionidae. In: Stone, A. & Sabrosky, C.W. (eds) . .A catalog of the Diptera of America north of Mexico: 191-196. Washington. (Agr. res. service, U.S. Dept. of Agr., agr. Handb. No. 276).

Hardy, D.E. 1973. Family Bibionidae. In: Delfinado, M.D. & Hardy,' D.E. (eds). A catalog of the Diptera of the Oriental Region. Vol. 1. Suborder Nematocera: 434-442. Honolulu.

Hardy, D.E. 1980. 14. Family Bibionidae. In: Crosskey, R.W. (ed.). Catalogue of the Diptera of the Afrotropicalregion: 213-215. London, Brit. Museum (Nat. Hist.).

Hardy, D.E. 1981. Bibionidae. In: McAlpine, J.F. & al. (eds) . Manual of Nearctic Diptera. Vol. 1: 217-222. Ottawa (Research Branch Agr. Canada, Monogr. No. 27).

Krivosheina, N.P. 1969. Ontogenezi evolyutsiya dvukrylykh nasekomykh [Oncogenesis and evolution of Diptera ]. Moskva. 291 p. (In Russian).

Krivosheina, N.P. 1972. Diptera Nematocera of the bibionoid complex in the south Primorye. Trudy biol.-pochv. Inst. DVNTs AN SSSR (N.S.), 7 (=116): 159-171. (In Russian).

Krivosheina, N.P. 1986. Families Pleciidae, Bihionidae. In: Soos, A. (ed.). Catalogue of the Palaearctic Diptera. 4. Sciaridae - Anisopodidae: 313-316; 319-330. Budapest.

Krivosheina, N.P. & Mamaev, B.M. 1967. Opredelitel' lichinok dvukrylykh nasekomykh - obitatelei drevesiny [Keys to dipterous larvae living in wood]. Moskva. 367 p. (InRussian).

Krzeminski, W. 1992. Triassic and Lower Jurassic stage of Diptera evolution. Mitt. schweiz. entomol. Ges., 65: 39-59.

Nartshuk, E.P. 1990. Pleciidae and Bibionidae (Diptera) from the Mongolian People's Republic, with a review of Pleciidae of the USSR fauna. Nasekomye Mongolii, 11: 353-370. Leningrad. (In Russian).

Ovchinnikova, O.G. 1987. A study of musculature of male genitalia as a method to clarify relationships between dipteran families. In: Scarlato, O.A. (ed.) Dvukrylye nasekomye: sistematika, morfologiya, ekologiya [Dipterous insects: systematics, morphology and ecology]: 94-97. Leningrad. (In Russian).

Ovtshinnikova, O.G. 1989. Musculature of the male genitalia in Brachycera-Orthorrhapha (Diptera). Trudy zool. Inst. Akad. NaukSSSR, 190: 1-166. (In Russian).

Rohdendorf, B.B. 1964. Historical development of Diptera. Trudy paleont. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 100: 1-311. (In Russian).

Rohdendorf, B.B. 1977. The classification and phylogeny of Diptera. In: Scarlato, O.A. (ed.). Sistematika i evolyutsiya dvukrylykh nasekomykh [Systematics and evolution of dipterous insects]: - 81-88. Leningrad. (In Russian).

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