Taxonomic notes on the cricket subfamilies Nemobiinae and Trigonidiinae (Orthoptera: Gryllidae) from islands and coasts of the Pacific and Indian Oceans

A.V. Gorochov, M.K. Tan & Ch.Ya. Lee

Abstract. Several taxa of Nemobiinae and Trigonidiinae from some islands and coasts of Pacific Ocean and Andaman Sea (Indian Ocean) are considered. The tribes Marinemobiini Gorochov, 1985 and Burcini Gorochov, 1986 are briefly redescribed, and the tribes Nemobiini Saussure, 1877 and Pteronemobiini Vickery, 1973 are also discussed. Some genera of Marinemobiini (Marinemobius Gorochov, 1985, Apteronemobius Chopard, 1929 and Parapteronemobius Furukawa, 1970) as well as type species of Apteronemobius (A. longipes Chopard, 1929) are redescribed; Marinemobius and Parapteronemobius are restored from synonyms of Apteronemobius and Caconemobius Kirby, 1906, respectively (with the suggestion of three new combinations for the specific names); Eumarinemobius sundaicus gen. et sp. nov. is described from the Malay Peninsula and nearest islands, and former Apteronemobius darwini Otte et Alexander, 1983 is supposedly included in this genus (as E. darwini comb. nov.); Parapteronemobius sazanami kunashir subsp. nov. is described from the Kuril Islands. The tribe Burcini is restored from synonyms of Thetellini Otte et Alexander, 1983, and its following taxa are redescribed or described as new for the science: Burcus Gorochov, 1986 which is also restored from synonyms of Thetella Otte et Alexander, 1983; B. trilobulatus sp. nov. from Thailand; B. t. bunaken subsp. nov. from Indonesia; Paraburcus gen. nov. for Thetella elegans Kobayashi, 1983 (= P. elegans comb. nov.); Neoburcus tarutao gen. et sp. nov. from Thailand. The unavailable tribal name Thetellini is considered as a possible synonym of Nemobiini, and its type genus and species (Thetella and Th. oonoomba Otte et Alexander, 1983 from Australia) as well as some other genera from Pacific islands must be preliminary placed in this tribe, but the genus Caledonina Desutter-Grandcolas, 2016 from New Caledonia probably belongs to Pteronemobiini. Two generic names of Hawaiian Trigonidiinae (Zudella Gorochov, 1988 and Nudilla Gorochov, 1988) are restored from subgenera and synonyms of Trigonidium Rambur, 1838, respectively: the genus Zudella includes numerous Hawaiian species erroneously placed in Trigonidium (they are listed here); the genus Nudilla is here synonymised with Laupala Otte, 1994, syn. nov., and the neotype for Nudilla type species (Trigonidium pacificum Scudder, 1869) is here designated, as well as a new replacement specific name (N. danieli nom. nov.) is here given for the secondary homonym Laupala pacifica Otte, 1994. Also 169 new combinations for specific names in the two latter genera are proposed; T. kolekole Otte, 1994, syn. nov. and L. cerasina Otte, 1994, syn. nov. are synonymised with Z. hawaiiensis Gorochov, 1986 and N. pacifica (Scudder, 1869), respectively.
Key words: taxonomy, islands, coasts, Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean, crickets, Orthoptera, Gryllidae, Nemobiinae, Trigonidiinae, new taxa

Zoosystematica Rossica, 2018, 27(2): 290–321  ▪  Published online 17 December 2018  ▪  Open full article  


Alfken J.D. 1901. Ergebnisse einer Reise nach dem Pacific (Schauinsland 1896 / 97). Neue Orthopteren von Neu-Seeland und den Hawaiischen Inseln, nebst kritischen Bemerkungen zu einigen bekannten Arten. Abhandlungen herausgegeben vom Naturwissenschaftlichen Verein zu Bremen, 17: 141–152.

Cigliano M.M., Braun H., Eades D.C. & Otte D. 2018. Orthoptera Species File Online. Version 5.0/5.0 [online]. Available from: [visited 19 June 2018].

Chopard L. 1967. Gryllides. Fam. Gryllidae: Subfam. Gryllinae (Trib. Gymnogryllini, Gryllini, Gryllomorphini, Nemobiini). In: Beier M. (Ed.). Orthopterorum Catalogus, 10: 1–211. ’s-Gravenhage: Dr W. Junk.

Chopard L. 1968. Gryllides. Fam. Gryllidae: Subfam. Mogoplistinae, Myrmecophilinae, Scleropterinae, Cachoplistinae, Pteroplistinae, Pentacentrinae, Phalangopsinae, Trigonidiinae, Eneopterinae; Fam. Oecanthidae, Gryllotalpidae. In: Beier M. (Ed.). Orthopterorum Catalogus, 12: 213–500. ’s-Gravenhage: Dr W. Junk.

Desutter-Grandcolas L. 1997. Le peuplement de grillons (Orthoptères Grylloidea) des sous-bois forestiers du Col d’Amieu (Nouvelle-Calédonie). II. Analyse systématique. Mémoires du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, 171: 137–163.

Desutter-Grandcolas L., Anso J. & Jourdan H. 2016. Crickets of New Caledonia (Insecta, Orthoptera, Grylloidea): a key to genera, with diagnoses of extant genera and descriptions of new taxa. Zoosystema, 38(4): 405–452.

Furukawa H. 1970. Two new interesting genera and species of crickets of Japan (Orthoptera). Kontyû, 38(1): 59 – 66.

Gorochov A.V. 1985a. On the fauna of Grylloidea (Orthoptera) from China. Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie [Revue d’entomologie de l’URSS], 64(1): 89–109. (In Russian).

Gorochov A.V. 1985b. A cricket new to the fauna of the USSR, Parapteronemobius sazanami Furukawa (Orthoptera, Gryllidae). Vestnik zoologii, 4: 14. (In Russian).

Gorochov A.V. 1986a. New and little known crickets (Orthoptera, Gryllidae) from Australia and Oceania. Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie [Revue d’entomo­logie de l’URSS], 65(4): 692–708. (In Russian).

Gorochov A.V. 1986b. On system and morphological evolution of the cricket family Gryllidae (Ortho­ptera), with description of new taxa. Communication 1. Zoologicheskiy Zhurnal, 65(4): 516–527. (In Russian).

Gorochov A.V. 1987. To the cricket fauna of the subfamilies Euscyrtinae, Trigonidiinae and Oecanthinae (Orthoptera, Gryllidae) from Eastern Indochina. In: Medvedev L.N. (Ed.) Entomofauna V’etnama [Entomofauna of Vietnam]: 5–17. Moscow: Nauka. (In Russian).

Gorochov A.V. 1988. New and little known tropical Grylloidea (Orthoptera). Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta Akademii Nauk SSSR [Proceedings of the Zoological Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences], 178: 3–31. (In Russian).

Gorochov A.V. 1995. System and evolution of the suborder Ensifera (Orthoptera). Part 2. Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta Rossiyskoy Akademii Nauk [Proceedings of the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences], 260: 1–213. (In Russian).

Gorochov A.V. 2015. Evolution and taxonomic significance of the copulatory apparatus in Ensifera (Orthoptera). Part 2: Male genitalia in Grylloidea. Zoosystematica Rossica, 24(1): 31–41.

Gurney A.B. & Rentz D.C. 1978. The cavernicolous fauna of Hawaiian lava tubes. 10. Crickets (Ortho­ptera, Gryllidae). Pacific Insects, 18(1–2): 85–103.

Ichikawa A. 1999. On the generic names of Paraptero­nemobius spp. in Japan. Tettigonia, 1(2): 113–114. (In Japanese with English summary).

Ichikawa A., Murai T. & Honda E. 2000. Monograph of Japanese Crickets (Orthoptera; Grylloidea). Bulletin of the Hoshizaki Green Foundation, 4: 257–332. (In Japanese with English summary).

International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. 2012. The International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. Four Edition [online]. The International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature. Available from: [visited 19 June 2018].

Kim T.-W. & Kim J.-I. 2010. A taxonomic review of the marine littoral genus Caconemobius (Orthoptera: Gryllidae: Nemobiinae) in Korea. Korean Journal of Systematic Zoology, 26(1): 29–33.

Kobayashi M. 1983. A new species of the genus The­tella (Orthoptera, Gryllidae) from Iriomote-jima, Western Japan. New Entomologist, 32(4): 73–78.

Murphy D.M. 1973. A mangrove inhabiting cricket from Peninsular Malaysia. Malayan Nature Journal, 26: 171.

Otte D. 1994a. The crickets of Hawaii. Origin, systematics and evolution. Philadelphia: The Orthopterists’ Society at the Academy of Natural Scien­ces of Philadelphia. 396 p.

Otte D. 1994b. Orthoptera Species File, 1. Crickets (Grylloidea). A systematic catalog. Philadelphia: The Orthopterists’ Society and the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 120 p.

Otte D. & Alexander R.D. 1983. The Australian crickets (Orthoptera: Gryllidae). Monograph 22. Philadelphia: the Academy of Natural Sciences of Phladelphia. 477 p.

Otte D., Alexander R.D. & Cade W. 1987. The crickets of New Caledonia (Gryllidae). Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 139: 375–457.

Perkins R. 1899. Orthoptera. In: Sharp D. (Ed.). Fauna Hawaiiensis or the zoology of the Sandwich (Hawaiian) Isles…, 2(1): 1–30 + pl. 1, 2. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Scudder S.H. 1869. A Century of Orthoptera. Decade I. – Gryllides. Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History, 12: 139–143.

Storozhenko S.Yu. 2004. Long-horned orthopterans (Orthoptera: Ensifera) of the Asiatic part of Russia. Vladovostok: Dalnauka. 279 p. (In Russian).

Storozhenko S.Yu., Kim T.W. & Jeon M.J. 2015. Monograph of Korean Orthoptera. Incheon: Natio­nal Institute of Biological Resources. 377 p.

Vickery V.R. 1973. Notes on Pteronemobius and a new genus of the tribe Pteronemobiini (Orthoptera: Gryllidae: Nemobiinae). Canadian Entomologist, 105: 419–424.

Volume, Year:
Vol. 28. 2019
Vol. 27. 2018
Vol. 26. 2017
Vol. 25. 2016
Vol. 24. 2015
Vol. 23. 2014
Vol. 22. 2013
Vol. 21. 2012
Vol. 20. 2011
Vol. 19. 2010
Vol. 18. 2009
Vol. 17. 2008
Vol. 16. 2007
Vol. 15. 2006
Vol. 14. 2005
Vol. 13. 2004
Vol. 12. 2003
Vol. 11. 2002
Vol. 10. 2001
Vol. 9. 2000
Vol. 8. 1999
Vol. 7. 1998
Vol. 6. 1997
Vol. 5. 1996
Vol. 4. 1995
Vol. 3. 1994
Vol. 2. 1993
Vol. 1. 1992
Suppl. 2. 2018